Friday, December 23, 2011
From the Bhagwad Gita, this shloka has been heard countless times. I guess not just me, but a lot of Indians irrespective of religious denomination would have heard this verse. And with B R Chopra’s television serial, Mahabharat, this must have been heard in practically every home with television, every Sunday for a few years.
It has been explained in general as “do your duty and don’t worry about the result.” This has been the essence of this verse. But if not understood in the correct spirit, the same pious verse with such an important direction for how to lead daily life may stop giving the beneficial results that should come from its practice.
As usual, not that I have any depth in my own understanding but, here, I present my own perspective.
Context of the Shloka
This shloka is based on the very essential understanding of Dharm. Here the Dharm is not the petty way in which the present society looks at Dharm, it is not the Hindu Dharm, Muslim Dharm, Bauddha Dharm, Jain Dharm, Christian Dharm or Sikh Dharm, that we are talking about.
Dharm in its purest understanding is the Law, the law of nature. At the very fundamental level, the law of the nature is that every cause has its effect and there is no effect without a cause.
Of course at a more complex level one may have to understand that even a cause is the effect of an earlier cause. And if this cause & effect relationship is viewed to understand life, one may arrive at a perfect Bhav-Chakra. One may also have to conclude that in this circular cause and effect relation, it is difficult to pin-point the point of origin, and therefore futile.
However, for our purpose let us get back to the simple fundamental law of nature – every cause has an effect and no effect is without a cause. This is the Dharm that applied to all animate & inanimate things in the past, it applies in the present and will apply even in future.
Dharm applies to those who understand it and accept it as well as to those who do not understand it or deny it. Therefore, a person’s personal opinion, belief system has no power over Dharm. Come what may, Dharma will do its work.
Dharm-Adharm: Clear understanding
It’s important to understand one thing clearly, since everything runs on the principle of cause & effect and that is known as Dharm, there can never be Adharm. In the ancient times the usage of Adharm is not seen, especially where the author of the document has grasped the fundamental meaning of the word Dharm.
However, when seen from the perspective of personal goal of life or socially accepted goal of individual life, any activity that causes an effect that takes an individual or the society in a direction opposite of the desired goal of life, we discourage such acts and in the present times we call it Adharm.
In the ancient era, when the concept of Dharm was more clearly understood, the acts who’s effect took a person or a society closer to the desired goal of Mukti/Moksha were called Kushal Dharm and acts who’s effect took a person or a society further away from the desired goal of Mukti/Moksha were called Akushal Dharm.
Relation of Kushal Dharm with Morality/Sheel-Sadachar
With little clarity, the larger society even in the present time links moral conduct with goodness and finds it religiously acceptable and immoral conduct as unacceptable.
In ancient times too, even though the concept of religion didn’t exist, immoral conduct was considered unacceptable for a man trying to attain Moksha.
The reason for emphasis on moral conduct in this way of life is that ancient sages found it very early that purity of mind has the most decisive impact on the peace & happiness of an individual and therefore of a society.
Impure mind, mind that is always indulged in desires for material or immaterial things, either in the manner of wanting them or in the manner of not wanting certain situations to arise, is always the reason for restlessness and other ills for an individual and therefore for a society.
Of course, this discovery was also made on the basis of cause & effect principle, in other words, Dharm explained the reasons for restlessness and reverse of cause & effect i.e. if this is not caused that will not be effected, gave the way out of this misery.
So, since practice of Morality which, is also known in India as Sheel-Sadachar, helps one attain purity of mind which is a necessary cause for attainment of Nirvana, Moral Conduct has a very strong relation with Kushal Dharm.
Karmas – three different levels
Today ofcourse people take Karma to be only what the body does, but in ancient times when the concept of Dharm was clearly understood, the mind-matter phenomenon was deeply understood and the objective of Human life was equated with Mukti, karma was evaluated at three levels – Kayik, Vachik and Manasik (Bodily, Verbal and Mental).
Kayik Karma Sanskaar are the simple actions of the body itself. These are commonly referred to as Karma. These are mechanical actions in nature.
Vachik Karma Sanskaar are the Verbal actions, the spoken words. Every word spoken first emerges as a thought in the mind. So the actual reference of Vachik Karma Sanskaar is to the thoughts emerging in our mind. In practice, when thought process gets linked to the mechanical action of the body including speech, Vachik Karma Sanskaar is formed, this is also known as Vikarma.
Manasik Karma Sanskaar are the mental phenomena of sensing and evaluating. Every sensation is evaluated by our mind as good or bad, wanted or unwanted, desirable or undesirable, craving or aversion. Essentially the entire evaluative process can be clubbed as craving & aversion. In other words, it is Raag & Dvesha. The thought process follows. It all happens at such speed that it appears to be simultaneous and therefore disallows any differentiation. This Raag & Dvesa is often referred to as Trishna. This Trishna gives rise to attachments/clinging, also known as Upaadaan. A deep observation explains that Trishna is caused by Ignorance. In the absence of clear understanding of the true nature of the sensations arising in our body due to contact with the sense objects, our mind evaluates them in an unwise manner, reacts to them. With the acquisition of Wisdom, mind evaluates every sensation in a wise manner, on the basis of its true nature of impermanence, as understood in “Parivartan hi sansaar ka niyam hai” (Change is the law of this Universe). So, what is going to change anyway, why have a craving or aversion for it, why develop clinging for it. Such a craving or aversion or clinging will only make us miserable. As a person gets established in such a wisdom, also known as Sthitaprajna, every mechanical action is accompanied by deep thinking, ultimate wisdom, almost as if its our second nature to be so. Such a Karma is also known as Akarma.
It is Akarma because this is non-seed bearing Karma. No seed, no phala, no creation, no bhav-chakra, no karmic cycle, no birth, no death.
This is how Karma has to be understood, at three levels of its origination.
Understanding the Verse in light of Karma and Phala
Karma is the cause, Phala is the effect. Karma is the kaaran, Phala is the parinaam. Since every effect is due to a cause, it is the cause that we must focus on, effect will happen automatically. Having understood the supremacy and certainty of the law of cause & effect, the Dharm itself, a man leaves all worries and indulges in only the right action which gives right results. Since it is the Karma that is the cause of multiple results, Karma has to be understood in its entirety. We have to train ourselves to reach the level of Akarma.
Our faith has to be in Dharm, the law of nature of cause & effect. This is the only faith one requires. And this faith will come & become stronger with our self-experience. This is the only way we never bother about the results, the parinaam, the Phala.
Now we know that it is our Karma that holds the key to the Phala. Have faith in Dharm alone.
Wednesday, November 2, 2011
Many of us have read that the Santan Dharmi life, traditionally, revolved around Dharma – Artha – Kaama – Moksha. But I am sure, very few, handful, would have given it any serious thought. Many have given meaning that does not fit easily into logic. I think I also must add my two-bits to this interesting debate.
Even when the life is spiritual, it doesn’t become abnormal. A spiritual life may carry an aura different and purer compared to a non-spiritual life, it may even look mystical to some, but I can assure you, it is very normal life for the person living it. All that is different is the view and, therefore, the objective of life. There’s nothing more and nothing less to it.
Now we need to take into consideration, certain facts of ancient Indian life. Amongst many social classifications one was of Grahastha and Grah-tyagi (Householders and Wanderers).
Now for a Grah-tyagi, the entire life revolved around understanding the Dharma and then working hard to attain Moksha.
Systems like Purusharthas and Ashramas, are meant for the Grahastha, the householders. Since many are not mentally ready to leave home in a singular search for liberation or, in a social system of human beings people are required to carry out certain responsibilities, the enlightened ones seem to have attempted to help the Grahastha to learn Dharma and live by it before they get freed from there worldly duties.
From these four Purusharthas, we can make out that Dharma under reference here is about the Law of Nature, of all things within the nature, like our body-mind complex and things outside like those that may help preserve nature for healthy living environment, as well those that may help in trade & commerce. This Dharma at the beginning of a Human Life, also seems to be about teaching Kushal Dharmas (beneficial Dharmas) that will help the people live harmoniously with each other, bring mutual benefit too members of society as well as help all to achieve the purpose of human life that is Moksha.
So, through knowledge of working of Dharma, a man learnt about himself, his surroundings as well as specific doable acts, that will help him ensure his own and his companions progress in the field of Dharma.
Now, as long as the people continue to live a householder’s life and in social communities, certain acts become important. And this also seems to have given the rise to the concept of Varnas, where the human labour in a social community was categorized on the basis of his mental & physical ability and assigned specific tasks of a living community. So, actually, it was the necessary duties that need to be performed for functioning of a living community that was understood, what physical & mental abilities are necessary for carrying out these duties was understood and on this basis assignment of roles & tasks was carried out amongst human beings. Therefore, some were Protectors, some were Learned, Learners & Intellectuals, some created means for Earning which helped acquire material necessary for survival of Human Body and some took care of the fundamental aspects like provision of utilities.
And since everyone needed Artha, the means for sustenance of Body, the householders were expected to take-up meaningful roles within society, earn Artha through practice of Kushal Dharma. Expectation must have been to not have greed for Artha, theft, robbery & stealing of Artha, Violence for Artha, dishonesty and falsehood for Artha. Dharma would guide the behavior of the man while earning the means for his body’s sustenance – the Artha.
While Kaam-Vaasna is one the most common mental factor in all human beings, and reproduction is a natural ability and a bodily faculty, Dharma would guide the man even in this endeavor, to not be obsessive, to not get over-whelmed by such thoughts, to not indulge in improper sexual activities like making advances on somebody else’s wife. This is Kushal Dharma. This would keep the man & the entire society focused on the ultimate objective of Moksha.
And towards the end of life, but with enough time on hand, therefore after fulfilling the responsibilities as a provider and raising a capable family, the man should focus on his final Purushartha – The Moksha.
So, the whole life has to be Dharmic. Householders must also carry-out their responsibilities normally without forsaking the Dharma.
Saturday, October 15, 2011
This is indeed a Kaliyug. I have no doubts about it. The tell-tale signs match the description. Understanding of Dharm is indeed weak. As a child I always wondered, looking at numerous temples as to why they says Dharm will disappear in Kaliyug. But as I get more & more opportunities to understand Dharm, I realize the great men who described Kaliyug were indeed correct.
A very large amount of time is spent by people on discussing either peripheral or irrelevant issues related to Dharm. Some of the usual questions or inquiries I have seen people indulge in are:
1. They want to discuss matters of after-life
2. They want to discuss the experience of Nirvana/Moksh
3. They want to know methods for attaining desired results without having to work for it
4. They want to discuss the special powers
5. They want to discuss the age of this or that Guru
6. Some even discuss the form of Life Force
But this list is only indicative, purely indicative. An exhaustive list will fill 500 pages, I guess.
Origin of Dharm
Knowledge of Dharm is the result of curiosity of human mind. I see two primary reasons behind this discovery, and it is discovery, for Dharm cannot be invented.
1. Control on the results of their action or over the natural occurrences in their surrounding
2. Purpose of their life
These two may have been triggered, in turn, by
1. Dissatisfaction with results of their own action
2. Dissatisfaction with results not meeting their desire
3. Effect of natural causes like weather, natural disasters etc on their surrounding and lives
4. Loss of near & dear ones
5. Their own imminent death
We can go on adding reasons, but the above should give a fairly indicative list.
Meaning of Dharm
Dharm means Laws. However, with time, it has taken over multiple meanings. While on one hand, as a Law it signifies the property of an element, or a pattern of cause & effect due to properties of elements around us, over a period of time it has become a Law of Duty. Duties, a man must do for this purpose or that.
In the worst description, Dharm has been misunderstood to be Religion. And this notion has to be strictly discouraged for the very own good of the Human Beings.
And in its strictest sense, Dharm must be equated with the Law of Cause & Effect. Every Karm bears its Fruits.
Purpose of Dharm
This is where a large number of people get confused. The confusion also bears in the usage of terms like Adharm. There cannot be anything like Adharm. Every Cause has its Effect and as long as this remains true, Adharm is an incorrect term. There can, however, be Kushal Dharm & Akushal Dharm.
Kushal Dharm – Actions that lead you to your desired goals
Akushal Dharm – Actions that lead you away from your desired goals
The question you may ask here is – What is the desired Goal?
A serious inquiry has led to a very simple answer – Attaining Moksh/Nirvana, being liberated.
Many have wasted time and age on attainment of power to control the results, on special powers, known usually as Siddhi or Riddhi-bal. But in the end, these specific powers haven’t been of much use, as a man still has to die. He may prolong his life, but not escape death. So, in the end, people have understood Liberation from the cycle of Birth & Death to be the ultimate & achievable goal of Dharm.
So, it is advised that a man may follow a lifestyle that will help him attain Nirvana a Moksh from the Bhavchakr of Birth & Death.
Attainment of Purpose of Dharm
Once the reason for suffering is understood, the method for attainment of end of the suffering becomes clear.
And if Birth is seen as the reason for Death, not being Born will mean end of the cycle of Birth & Death.
Those great human scientists, who worked on the subject of Dharm, of Cause & Effect, deduced the entire chain of events that cause the continuation of cycle of Birth & Death. Let me describe the 12 Links that create a continuity of this cycle.
Dependent on ignorance (avidyā), reactions (saṅskārā) arise,
dependent on reactions, consciousness (vigyāṇa) arises,
dependent on consciousness, mind and body (nāma-rūpa) arise,
dependent on mind and body, the six sense doors (saḷāyatana) arise,
dependent on the six sense doors, contact (sparsh) arises,
dependent on contact, sensation (vedanā) arises,
dependent on sensation, craving (trishnā) arises,
dependent on craving, clinging (upādāna) arises,
dependent on clinging, becoming (bhava) arises,
dependent on becoming, birth (jāti) arises,
dependent on birth, decay and death (jarā, maraṇa) arise.
Many a lives have been wasted when in spite of all this understanding, men have obsessively tried attaining Nirvana, without focusing on the principle of Cause & Effect.
Nirvana is an Effect, only a proper Cause can help you attain it.
And if Avidya or ignorance is the ultimate cause of it, Wisdom & awareness will yield the opposite result. It is Ignorance that causes desires; it is wisdom that will end the desires. It is desires that dirty our mind, it is knowledge that will help us purify our mind.
Since Nirvana is only an Effect, all our human endeavor can only work to the extent of purification of mind. If Nirvana is the light of a thousand suns, defilement of our mind is those dark black clouds that hide the brightness of these thousand suns. Just clear away these clouds, the defilements, impurities of the mind, the light will simply start showing. This light cannot be created, need not be created. It is there; just remove the objects that hide this light.
That is all that is there to Dharm, to attainment of Moksh/Nirvana. Let us not complicate it, let us spend our time fruitfully towards the goal.
May all beings be happy, may all beings be liberated.
Tuesday, September 6, 2011
Apolitical is the name of the disease that millions of Voters in India suffered from. This disease in turn caused many other diseases amongst the Political Classes of the country, like Corruption, Callousness, Arrogance, Decayed Leadership standards etc…
Dictionary meaning of Apolitical, of course is, “not interested or involved in Politics” but it is not a virtue by any standard, as a lot of people assume it to be. And in a country where citizens have the responsibility of choosing their representatives and a freedom to become a representative themselves either independently, or through an existing political party or through a new political party, being Apolitical is certainly a crime. Being Apolitical in such a democracy simply means being Irresponsible and being irresponsible is no virtue, you may agree.
This word is greatly in discussion, and has become a subject of a Panel discussion organized by my friends in Friends of BJP on 13th September 2011, because in the recent and ongoing protests in the country over corruption and for implementation of a strong legal mechanism, people have used this word “apolitical” ever so often, that those who take offense to this word or have been trying to create a larger Political awareness in the country by curing this disease, are bound to take it up as a debate.
I have two sets of explanations – Good hearted explanation & extreme-interpretation based explanation.
Good hearted explanation
I hold no grudge against those crowds that protested at Jantar Mantar and Ramlila Ground in Delhi this April and August 2011, respectively. The people were inarticulate. If left to them, they wouldn’t be able to use the word “apolitical” too.
The word “apolitical” came from the people who occupied the dais. They used the word more as an apology or an explanation for why they were not letting any political party participate in the anti-corruption protests, alongside. I am surprised however, that even those seasoned players who occupied the stage were inarticulate. Two of them were ex-IPS/IRS officers. The Third was a known protestor.
It is my personal belief that what these people on the dais meant to state was that they wanted the movement to remain “Politically Neutral” and not “Apolitical”. Because the moment you participate in the political discourse of the country, either through voting or through protests or through various other mechanisms, you cease to be apolitical. You can however remain “politically neutral”. That means, you may choose to avoid either the Ruling side or the Opposition for the sake of saving a movement from accusations of a “motivation”.
As far as the masses who attended such protests are concerned a large number of them “were” apolitical till the time they decided to join the protest. In other words, these masses just got cured. They decided to join the Political Discourse of the country. They were ready to address the disease that the political class of the country was suffering from. They were ready to pro-actively set their expectations in front of the “Politicians”. Many of us may not agree with the tone & tenor of the demands placed by these common folks, but then we accepted right in the beginning that these are inarticulate masses. Many have not even read Indian Constitution. So as they begin, such a crass display is only natural and we must look at it positively & optimistically.
However, the problem that comes when I interpret the use of the word “apolitical” as meant for “political neutrality” is that the people who directed this whole protest did not act in a “Politically Neutral” manner. Please bear with me for sometime here.
What I find here is that “political neutrality” ended up getting translated into “vagueness” of charges of corruption. There are so many specific and large scale scams known in the public domain, and yet absolutely no such charges were publicized while the whole nation was listening to what those on the Dais had to say. There was no talk of 2G, CWG, S-Band, Air-India, PDS, Coal Mining, Iron Ore Mining, Krishna-Godavari Basin Petroleum, Robert Vadra, individual ministers’ land grabbing, Shashi Tharoor’s Sweat Equity, IPL, K G Balakrishnan (Former CJI) and god knows how many more scams.
And to not refer to the crime of the criminal is by itself a big favor to the criminal, especially when the whole world has lent its ears to you. And that, my friends, leads me to an explanation, that to some may appear to be a bit on the extreme.
Extreme-interpretation based explanation
While the masses remain innocent, inarticulate, newly political lot (may be neutral, at best), the people on the Dais, probably actually meant the use of the word “Apolitical”. What they, possibly, meant was that they are not “willing” to participate in the “current” political system. That possibly explains the vagueness, which inadvertently benefitted the real criminals.
Statements like “all Politicians are chors” and many similar statements are possibly aimed at demolition of the current Political System by waging a war against the people & institutions that make up the current political system, namely, of Parliamentary Democracy.
I find that the directors of this movement used the actual wrong-doings of this current Govt and the resulting public anger and dissatisfaction very tactfully. Institutions and Office-Bearers of these institutions were equally attacked. And mind you the office bearers are not only the Ruling members but also the Opposition members who occupy the seats in the Parliament.
Now as we have discussed right in the beginning, the disease called “apolitical” amongst voters is one of the key causes of diseases like corruption, callousness and decayed leadership standards amongst political classes. So, in my opinion, any campaign against corruption etc will ideally look at turning the masses from being “Apolitical” to becoming “Political”.
While I personally do not agree with proclamations that “Janta malik hai aur neta naukar hai” as an essence of a practical life but I do believe that the sentiment of a leader while leading should be of social service. It is not a job, but service to the nation, to its people.
But taking that oft repeated sentiment (aimed at humiliating Political Leaders again & again) forward, wouldn’t it only be logical that when the Owners of a house sleep, theft does happen. And when the owners of the house are awake, watch the work done by their servants carefully, the servants too deliver wonderfully. The continuity of this wonderful work also depends on the rewards that the owner gives when the work done is wonderful.
That being the equation between the Owner & the Servant, it is all the more important that those who intend to cure the Political System of its diseases become more aware, politically, instead of remaining Apolitical.
And people must be cautious about those who try to coax them to become more “Apolitical”, meaning further cut-off from the Political Discourse of the country.
People can undoubtedly choose to remain “Politically Neutral”.
Monday, August 15, 2011
Today is August 15. It’s the day when India achieved its status as an Independent Dominion of the British Commonwealth of Nations.
Yes, I know many of you have been made to believe that India became independent on August 15 and have since your childhood celebrated this day as Independence Day, but it is a fact that India didn’t gain Sovereignty till 26th Jan 1950.
This day resulted from the Indian Independence Act 1947 passed in the British Parliament on 18th July 1947. The language of this Act is very clear and states in no uncertain terms that out of what was British India, two independent “dominions” are being carved out. Out of the two, the territories that will fall under India shall be the territories "under the Sovereignty of His Majesty." (Section 2, Indian Independence Act 1947)
A link to the Indian Independence Act 1947 is provided here for the reference of my friends: http://www.scribd.com/doc/50557902/Indian-Independence-Act-1947
Accordingly, on the appointed day of August 15, 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India “assumed” the power for the governance of India and also endorsed the recommendation that Lord Mountbatten be Governor-General of India. The same was declared on the midnight of August 14, 1947.
The link to proceedings of Constituent Assembly of India dated August 14, 1947 is provided here for the reference of my friends: http://126.96.36.199/LssNew/constituent/vol5p1.html
Thereafter, on August 15, 1947 as the Constituent Assembly met again, now as the Governing Authority of new India, amongst the reading out of congratulatory notes from leaders around the world, the new Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten gave a speech in which he conveyed the message of the His Majesty the King of England. There again, through Lord Mountbatten it is made clear:
“I have a message from His Majesty the King to deliver to you today. This is His Majesty's message :-
"On this historic day when India takes her place as a free and independent Dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations, I send you all my greetings and heartfelt wishes…”
The link to proceedings of Constituent Assembly of India dated August 15, 1947 is provided here for the reference of my friends: http://188.8.131.52/LssNew/constituent/vol5p2.html
However, the direction towards achieving our sovereignty was set on this day. India’s status as an Independent Sovereign nation was imminent. And the same was achieved with the adoption of Indian Constitution on January 26, 1950.
August 15, 1947 is important for India because this is the day when Indians gained Self-Rule through the long awaited Independent Dominion status. And that set the direction for impending Sovereignty which was gained on January 26, 1950.
Happy Independent Dominion Day!
Friday, July 8, 2011
There is a huge discontent with the outcomes of various policies. People may dispute but it is a fact. Practically all ministries have policies that are operating in some sort of a Silo. Policies have become subservient to Political Parties’ ‘isms’ & individual’s personal thoughts along the lines of those ‘isms’ or away from them.
While the Policies are almost lacking the Human touch and are centered on inanimate parameters like GDP, FDI etc. there also seems to be lack of a mechanism for reality check. An exercise that could bring back objectivity seems completely ignored.
The most interesting part here is that a country like India which has a huge population at 1.2billion should primarily at the welfare of these people, if governance is seriously considered to be a tool for betterment of lives of the State and its Citizens.
We don’t see the zeal in our policy making for how the basic needs of a possibly 1.5-1.75 billion people will be taken care of over next 20-30 years. How much ever we grow, the need for food, water, shelter and employment is never going to fade away. Right upto the civilizations state as Stone Age these basic needs are bound to remain. We can grow over and above them, but no growth is possible if these fundamental issues are first not brought under control.
It is important that Indian leadership understands the inflexion point at which India stands. Which businessmen are talking care of the business, Govt and policymakers must focus on the fundamentals that will always and permanently remain a matter of concern, especially for a rapidly rising enormous population.
The economic policies, infrastructure policy, security policy, cultural policy must all find their origin in these fundamental objectives. For e.g. in a 1.2bn population if employment is going to be replaced by technology at a mass scale, will it not result in a further disproportionate distribution of income? What is the oxygen requirement of such a huge population? So what is the forest cover that is necessary for a country like ours? What is the amount of nutrition requirement of such a population, how many years does it take to develop a cultivable land that can cater to such an enormous requirement? What is the amount of water that is necessary for irrigation and personal consumption of such a population? Then how much water will be needed by industries over and above the basic requirements? What kind of issues can erupt at a social level in such a huge population? What kind of cultural changes are necessary to maintain harmony & equity in such a society? The education agenda will also originate from such a study.
The list of such questions is bigger. It is not to say that the primary framework of policy-making is not on these lines. The point being made here is that somehow the fundamentals lose their centrality and policies lose their objectivity. Objectives have to be connected to us, the people of this country.
Friday, March 18, 2011
Many years back when the news of many members of Congress being on the payroll of KGB, the USSR’s Intelligence Agency, appeared in Indian newspapers, I was shocked but not worried as I thought we had managed to put this behind us.
When the otherwise extremely silent Indian PM, Shri. Manmohan Singh, turned vicious and dared Left Parties to withdraw support over Indo-US Nuclear Deal in 2008, I was mighty surprised. I thought it was just a Prestige Issue. Prime Minister couldn’t speak during the Confidence Motion as the Cash for Votes Scam broke out in the Indian Parliament. He issued a written statement and I felt I had not clearly understood Dr. Manmohan Singh. Behind his gentle exterior is a very insecure, incompetent, ruthless and venomous man.
After the re-election in 2009, the way the house was rocked with Shri. L K Advani’s revelations in the Lok Sabha on 3rd Marh 2010, about the secret backdoor meetings between India-US and Pakistan over relaxation of Indian position on Kashmir Issue, and the way in that speech Manmohan Singh avoided any committed reply on the issue but reacted very sharply when Advaniji pointed fingers on the role played by the US in a bilateral issue of India and Pakistan, I was for the first time worried about what the Prime Minister was upto and why was he retaliating so uncharacteristically to defend Barrack Hussein Obama.
For those who’d like to read the Speech by Advaniji and rebuttal by Prime Minister Singh, they can go to Page 57 of http://www.scribd.com/doc/51044932/LS03032010
I remember feeling uncomfortable that day and tweeting frantically about how Prime Minister Singh had responded to Advaniji’s allegation of interference by US on directions of US President Barrack Hussein Obama, but not refused the allegation of “backdoor discussions with Pakistan under the tutelage of USA over the Kashmir Issue.”
I was also disturbed by the fact that the sitting PM had lied on the floor of the house on another issue raised by Advaniji in the same speech, the matter of One Rank, One Pension. I knew it instantly as I happen to be son of a retired Naval Officer, myself. In fact, while PM Singh assured the house that day that the One Rank, One Pension scheme is already being implemented, one year has passed an matters have not moved even an inch. But that is a matter of another debate.
The more surprising issue was if India is indeed taking decisions on its own or has the CIA aka the US Government infiltrated the Government of India completely and have the Indian Prime Minister completely in their control.
The subsequent public demeanor by Dr. Singh, reinforced this doubt. His eagerness, submissive notes etc., while dealing with the US, really made me uncomfortable. Obviously, I was wondering if we are having a Manchurian Candidate in India.
Two highly acclaimed Books: Base of my fear
The fear was also founded in that fact that in the past such management of our Prime Ministers had taken places through the very capable offices of KGB. I had read about the same in two very interesting books, which were highly acclaimed, considered genuine and respected by professionals in Intelligence and Governments worldwide.
These two Books were – Mitrokhin Archive 2 – The KGB and The World, written by Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin and – A State within A State, written by Yevgenia Albats.
Mitrokhin was a Chief Archiver in KGB and maintain private copies of every single record he archived at KGB Archives for some 40years he served. One day he defected to UK. There the records he brought along were verified and were found to be by far the most genuine pieces of information. Based on this information, selective pieces were published in a two part book called Mitrokhin Archive.
Yevgenia Albats is a senior journalist in Russia and braved herself through the files in the KGB, and wrote this wonderful book to expose the hold of KGB on the Government in USSR and later Russia.
First Instance of Congress being Financed by KGB revealed
In Mitrokhin Archive 2 – The KGB and the World, there are two chapters dedicated wholly to India. Around 30 pages are dedicated to India through chapters interesting called – The Special relationship with India 1 & 2. On Page 322 and 323, of this book, Mitrokhin’s Archives from KGB reveal that Congress, through Lalit Narayan Mishra, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, received money from KGB.
It clearly States that, a transaction amounting to Rs.30 Lakh, in the pre-1975 era (much bigger in today’s terms) was given to Congress. The KGB reveals that Indira Gandhi, while personally living a Frugal life, has much dependence on these funds provided by KGB.
For those who are interested in reading these paragraphs themselves can read it here: http://www.scribd.com/doc/51004918/Mitrokhin-Archive-2-Page-322-323
Simply put, it means that Congress was compromised. KGB wasn’t paying charity to Congress because they loved the Party, but paid Congress because it was serving the National Interest of USSR.
Second Instance of Congress being Financed by KGB revealed
In A State within A State by Yevgenia Albats, on Page 223, Albats reveals a letter from file no. f. 5, op. 6, por no. 12, d. 131, t. 1, l.d 103-104.
The letter is written by Viktor Chebrikov, the KGB Chief from 1982-88, to possibly the Politburo. Albats produced only the Excerpts in her book. It reveals that Chebrikov had received communication from Rajiv Gandhi that he has expressed deep gratitude for benefits accruing to his family. And that the funds obtained through this channel are used to support his Party, which is obviously the Congress Party.
All those who want to read the concerned Page on their own can read it here: http://www.scribd.com/doc/51009267/A-State-Within-a-State-Page223
Again, it shows clearly that even in early 80s (this letter could possibly have been written between 1982-October 1984, as it doesn’t refer to Rajiv Gandhi as Premier Minister, it instead refers to him as Son of Indian Premier Minister). The reference to Foreign Trade Organizations which Rajiv seems to control and which works in cooperation with Soviet Foreign Trade Organization also leaves a stink as Mohammed Yunus, a very close-aide of Indira Gandhi had been the Chairman of Indian Trade Fair Authority for a long time. But a detailed investigation is required to establish clear links.
Third Instance of Congress being Financed by a Foreign Govt (This time US and possibly CIA)
On 17th March 2011, The Hindu and rest of the media fraternity published the Classified Cables from Steven White, Charge D’Affaires in India to Washington D.C.
There we find reference of Capt. Satish Sharma’s house being used to keep the money amounting to almost Rs.50-60crores as claimed by Nachiketa Kapur, an alleged assistant of Sharma to a US Embassy Official. The incident is marked on 16th July 2008, six days before the Confidence Motion in the Parliament due to withdrawal of support by Left Parties protesting against the Indo-US Nuclear Deal.
The Embassy Staff seems to have debriefed his office that two chests containing cash were shown by Nachiketa Kapur and was told that a total of Rs.50-60 crores was lying around the house for the purpose of Horse-Trading.
For those who are interested in reading the series of Cables themselves can read it here: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/full-text-of-wikileaks-cable-on-trust-vote-controversy-92301
What is out of the ordinary is, why would a man entrusted with such a serious and secretive issue of paying MPs or handling money to be paid to MPs, show the money and share its intended application with any outsider, leave alone a US Embassy official. We all know that the knowledge of such secrets or revealing of such secrets can cause fatal damage.
If Nachiketa Kapur was kept around in spite of the disclosure of his Fraud in Woman’s Commission about his education background, then he surely had qualities that suited the Seniormost leaders in Congress. Would such a man open his mouth loosely in front of a person who is not concerned with the task? Obviously, No.
To substantiate the above mentioned point, especially in the light of the fact that Capt. Satish Sharma and Nachiketa Kapur have both denied knowledge of each other, here's an article that appeared one day after I published this post originally: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/parties/delhi/I-have-never-known-this-person-Really-Captain/articleshow/7735574.cms
Everybody must know that Nachiketa Kapur was, in fact, so well known to the Sharmas, that he was declared the Proxy Host for Capt. Satish Sharma's son Satish Sharma's wedding. Not only this, he's known to be the host of many parties organised for the Diplomats in Delhi. Can such a man, who's hanging around the diplomatic circle be suffering from a loose mouth? Absolutely not.
Check this 2008 news item from Times of India's Delhi Edition where Samir Sharma's (son of Capt. Satish Sharma) wedding was covered. Dated 16th December 2008. The Article will show the name of Nachketa Kapur, right after Rahul Gandhi and the Vadras, in the "Spotted" section. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/parties/delhi/Yeh-party-toh-puri-filmi-thi/articleshow/3840563.cms
Why would Nachiketa Kapur, who was handling such a sensitive task of handling money for purchase of MPs then share it with a US Embassy Official?
Please remember, Dr. Manmohan Singh had risked the existence of the Government over a deal that USA was quite eager to execute with India.
The signing of the deal depended greatly on survival of the UPA-1 Govt.
So, just like CIA watched the Warren Anderson case closely on 7th December 1984, as is revealed by the subsequent declassification of documents filed by CIA on the day, similarly CIA/US Embassy closely monitored the situation and “ensured” that all decisions are in the favor of USA.
The possibility of the money being supplied, obviously through a large scale Hawala Transaction, came from US. I guess, in intelligence community parlance, this would be called an “Active Measure”.
And Nachiketa Kapur was not showing off the cash to some Tom, Dick and Harry, he was showing it to an official who was operational on the case of successful passing of Confidence Motion on 22nd July 2008.
Of course, as expected Pranab Mukherjee, The Finance Minister, whimpered saying the cable is a sovereign matter and that US will never confirm the veracity of such a cable. Little did he know that Former US Ambassador to India, David Mulford, who held office during the period of this controversy in 2008, will go public and stand by the report that his office had made.
People can read David Mulford's statement confirming accuracy of the matter in these cables, here: http://ibnlive.in.com/news/diplomatic-cables-generally-accurate-mulford/146417-3.html
This is a serious issue of a Compromise of National Interest by individuals occupying high offices in the Government of India.
This issue clearly shows that probably even today, Congress under Sonia Gandhi, collects payments from Foreign Governments through their various agencies to run its operations, in addition to the almost $145bn financial scam committed by them in various sectors between 2004 and 2010 alone.
This cannot be an acceptable situation.
The Prime Minister must resign, gracefully. The Government must GO. Investigations must be held to verify such doubts emanating from so much of literature in public domain, indicating Congress being bankrolled by Foreign Governments and their various agencies. Guilty must be charged, sentenced and jailed, appropriately.
India’s Political System needs some major sanitization.
I hope more and more people become aware of this and join the fight to ensure Foreign Agents are not running the country either today or in the future.
With a Positive Hope…
Since I posted this, Wikileaks has dropped Bombshells after Bombshells. I would like everyone to read them.
1. WikiLeaks reveal India repeatedly sought US approval: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/wikileaks-reveal-india-repeatedly-sought-us-approval-93185
2. Cable about approval for Singh as PR in UN: http://www.ndtv.com/article/wikileaks%20india%20cables/wikileaks-cable-on-hardeep-puri-indias-permanent-representative-to-the-un-93189
3. Cable about India's Iran Policy and Leakouts by MEA Official: http://www.ndtv.com/article/wikileaks%20india%20cables/wikileaks-on-indias-iran-policy-93195
4. Julian Assange asserting genuineness of the Cables released by Wikileaks" http://www.ndtv.com/article/wikileaks%20india%20cables/assange-to-ndtv-transcript-93261
Thursday, January 6, 2011
I have seen more intense debate on the definition of a Hindu’s identity over the last few months than at any other time. To say the least, I feel disappointed the way most of the discourse is forming.
Mostly I find that the basic attitude in such debates is very exclusive while people keep referring to the inclusive nature of Hinduism in the same breath. Here is what I think on some of those issues.
What I think is Hinduism?
Its just a misnomer for Sanatan Dharm. The word Hindu in no way represents the learning/teaching of Sanatan Dharm, the actual spiritual quest of the people of this land of Hind. However, the name given by the Arabs, according to most traditions, stuck on. Everything that belonged to the land of Hind became Hindu, most of all, the spiritual quest.
But the word Hindu has become a brand name for the Sanatan Dharmis and, therefore, has become part of our daily usage.
Sanatan Dharm on the other hand is really the true representative of the objective of our spiritual quest. Sanatan Dharm, meaning, Eternal Law (of Nature) is what we try to understand and that is what we try to follow and live by.
Sanatan Dharm – Theory and Practice
A superficial look at the practice will give us an impression that both co-exist(ed). That, however, may not be true. We need to understand the fact that the Theory in Spirituality exists for the purpose of teaching/passing instructions. The instructions are passed on from the learned to the learner.
The learned passes on only those instructions to the learner that have been proven true in their own personal experience or in the experience of the Truly awakened one.
The Truly Awakened Ones first attain this learning from practice, through error and correction. These learning were most probably put in the form of Suktas or Shlokas and passed on verbally, which was later typified into a Script.
This knowledge over a period of time turned into organized books like Vedas.
But the nature of Spiritual Awakening is such that the wisdom and the method to attain the wisdom, while remains stated in the books, just reading them doesn’t make you Awakened. It only makes us knowledgeable. Spiritual Awakening comes from the practice of the method which in a Sanatan Dharmi universe is primarily though meditation.
Even Srimad Bhaagwat Purana attests to this teaching. The entire reason for formation of Bhaagwat Purana seems to be, in fact, just that. Bhakti without Gyan and Vairagya is considered incomplete. Gyan in this context is not the Shrut Gyan (Wisdom that comes from listening to someone or reading a book), nor is it Chintan Gyan (Wisdom from Contemplation) it is Bhavanamayi Gyan (Wisdom through personal experience). It is only the wisdom gained through personal experiences that affects our subconscious mind enough to make it change its habits and accept Vairagya (Detachment or Veet Raagta).
This is clearly evident as the essence of spiritual learning has been available to all Sanatan Dharmis. Everybody knows the Geeta ka Saar “Parivartan hi sansaar ka niyam hai” (Constant change is the law of this universe). People also know from the same Bhagwat Geeta that Atma (Soul/Self/Consciousness) is indestructible and it is different from the mind/body it occupies. However, knowing this alone has not changed the level of man’s awakening. Has it? Wouldn’t even Dawood Ibrahim or Sonia Gandhi know this? Wouldn’t A Raja or Sheila Dikshit know this? Why aren’t they detached? Why do they commit crimes and corruption?
This is because merely hearing or reading it or after that contemplating over it doesn’t change the habits of subconscious mind. This knowledge remains at the level of intellect but doesn’t penetrate any further.
Meditation, on the other hand, helps you experience the law of constant change within us. It also helps us understand the selflessness of this body/mind. And after having experienced it within self, it makes us learn the art of staying aware of the state of our subconscious mind for longer periods, thereby, ensuring that the subconscious mind changes from deep attachment to material things to a detached state which takes one towards liberation.
But Meditation is no more the preferred method for our spiritual quest. The path, today, starts and stops at Bhakti and then people prefer to reason it out by quoting the texts that have given credence to the six different schools of Sanatan Dharm. They are happy to quote that Liberation can supposedly come from any of these six routes, without actually realizing what that means. They refuse to actually read the very texts they like to quote or swear by.
Anyway, at least this is what I have personally come to understand about the Spiritual Quest.
But I have heard strange statements from people.
Hindu Vs. Hindu
This is usually the first school. “I know more than you” that’s the attitude. The typical question we might face here is “have you read the Vedas?” “have you read Upanishads?” “have you read smritis and Puranas?”.
And god forbid, if your answer is No, then all hell will break lose. You might even lose your religion. The least of the damage will be that you know nothing, and therefore your “spiritual hierarchy” will change. Obviously that change will only take you down the ladder.
In case our answer is Yes, then there will be a great debate and discussion that will follow. It will start with pleasantry, agreement and appreciation, then slowly it will turn ugly and then the divisions will set in. “You belong to different school, I belong to different school. In Hinduism, have an inclusive approach, all thoughts have a space. You are also right, I am also right.”
And I wonder if the primary idea was the last few words, “…I am also right.” Because the mind says, “I am always right.” But the stalemate has to be broken, at least in perception. If we argue in the same group, a monkey will win in the fight between the two cats. So the best option is, divide the learning into schools and call it an “inclusive” approach.
What is worse? Both may actually be unaware of anything they have quoted to each other from these great sanatan dharmi texts. What they actually know is what is written in those texts. Actually, they only believe what they have read, under the broader header of “faith”. They are believers in the unknown. They have never experienced what those great saints have left behind for us in those great texts.
In fact, for some, the knowing part is a Big-Ban theory. They’ll almost tell you, such experiences do not happen to common man. End of the Chapter, book closed.
The other category is even fiercer; you cannot question what they believe in. You try asking a question to make sense of the typical cryptic Sukta, and pat you’ll get a reply, “you should not question the issues related to faith.”
Well, obviously, when they do not know it, and in majority cases do not know that they do not know it, we must expect such reactions.
But for this group of good hearted, well-intentioned, pious minded voracious readers, if a fellow Hindu hasn’t read the books, he is not much of a Hindu yet.
I am sorry to say, but this “I know what’s in the text” attitude is very Brahmanical. Faster we get rid of this attitude, the better it will be for the whole society.
And of course there is also a set of this never read, never practice group of Hindus too. But they are a different matter altogether.
Hindus Vs. Buddhists/Jains/Sikhs
All three were essentially reformed schools of Hinduism formed at different periods or simultaneously against generally the same misguided culture of rites and rituals. But essentially, all three have a quest for the Sanatan Dharm.
But in discussions other than political, these are non-Hindu groups, so to speak. But the moment there is a question of showing solidarity, we would proclaim, we are all Hindus.
Get into a discussion on teachings of Buddha, Mahavira or Guru Nanak and immediately the lines of division start showing up. The traditional Hindu Brigade will tell you how Buddha had converted “Hindus” to “Buddhism” while he was around. This when neither “Hinduism” nor “Buddhism” existed 2500years back. It was Sanatan Dharm and that’s that. Different teachers taught higher forms of meditation, in addition to householders indulging in Rites and Rituals.
And almost as if there was some battles that raged on for 1200 years, they will rejoice in the stories of how Adi Shankaracharya “defeated” Buddhists. Oh! What joy…what a defining moment…the moment of Ultimate Truth. Almost as if these friends have attained Nirvan now.
Now, in this moment of Niravnic bliss, disturb our friends with a question, “Wasn’t Gautam Buddha declared to be the ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu? Why do we treats Baudha as non-Hindus then?”
Their response will be “Huh! Who’s saying we are different? Oh! Brother, what we mean is that Buddha taught the same things and in Hinduism we have different schools and Buddha’s teaching fall in the Sankhya category. It’s just that Adi Shankaracharya defeated some Buddhists in a debate.”
Good Lord! You were just rejoicing the great victory of an even greater Adi Shankaracharya and now you are giving me another answer?
Go ahead and ask similar questions about Jains and Sikhs and that there too there is no importance given to Rites and Rituals and that focus was only on finding the ultimate truth, the eternal law of nature and you’ll find the whole routine repeated.
Here again some sort of a Brahmanical thought prevailing. These teachers cannot have their own schools. They have to be categorized within existing schools. In the mind they are a different people because they probably do not chant the same mantras or refer to same deities or do not follow rites and rituals but when reminded of “inclusiveness” we become one peoples again.
It is truly sad that Hindu Identity is being Hijacked like this. May the awakening grow.